- T&FThe sampling rate, sample rate, or sampling frequency (fs) defines the number of samples per unit of time (usually seconds) taken from a continuous signal to make a discrete signal. For time-domain signals, the unit for sampling rate is hertz (inverse seconds, 1\/s, s−1), sometimes noted as Sa\/s (samples per second). The inverse of the sampling frequency is the sampling period or sampling interval, which is the time between samplesIn digital audio the most common sampling rates are 44.1 kHz, 48 kHz, and 96 kHz.In digital audio, 44,100 Hz is a common sampling frequency: analog audio is recorded by sampling it 44,100 times per second, and then these samples are used to reconstruct the audio signal when playing it back. "Hz" is an abbreviation for hertz, meaning "[cycles, samples] per second", and the alternative form 44.1 kHz (kilohertz, 1000 times per second) is also very commonly found.44.1 kHz audio is widely used, due to this being the sampling rate used in Compact Discs, and its common use dates back to its use by Sony from 1979.48,000 Hz: The standard audio sampling rate used by professional digital video equipment such as tape recorders, video servers, vision mixers and so on. This rate was chosen because it could deliver a 22 kHz frequency response and work with 29.97 frames per second NTSC video - as well as 25 frame\/s, 30 frame\/s and 24 frame\/s systems. With 29.97 frame\/s systems it is necessary to handle 1601.6 audio samples per frame delivering an integer number of audio samples only every fifth video frame. Also used for sound with consumer video formats like DV, digital TV, DVD, and films. The professional Serial Digital Interface (SDI) and High-definition Serial Digital Interface (HD-SDI) used to connect broadcast television equipment together uses this audio sampling frequency. Much professional audio gear uses (or is able to select) 48 kHz sampling, including mixers, EQs, compressors, reverb, crossovers and recording devices such as DAT.96,000 Hz: DVD-Audio, some LPCM DVD tracks, BD-ROM (Blu-ray Disc) audio tracks, HD DVD (High-Definition DVD) audio tracks. Most pro audio gear uses (or is able to select) 96 kHz sampling, including mixers, EQs, compressors, reverb, crossovers and recording devices. This sampling frequency is twice the 48 kHz standard commonly used with audio on professional video equipment.
Audio and video glossary. 2014.
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Sample-Rate — Mit Abtastrate, auch Samplingrate oder Samplerate, wird in der digitalen Signalverarbeitung die Häufigkeit benannt, mit der ein Signal pro Zeitintervall abgetastet wird. Der Abstand zwischen den Abtastzeitpunkten ist das Abtastintervall. Ist… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sample rate — Mit Abtastrate, auch Samplingrate oder Samplerate, wird in der digitalen Signalverarbeitung die Häufigkeit benannt, mit der ein Signal pro Zeitintervall abgetastet wird. Der Abstand zwischen den Abtastzeitpunkten ist das Abtastintervall. Ist… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sample rate conversion — is the process of converting a (usually digital) signal from one sampling rate to another, while changing the information carried by the signal as little as possible. When applied to an image, this process is sometimes called image scaling.Sample … Wikipedia
Sample-based synthesis — is a form of audio synthesis that can be contrasted to either subtractive synthesis or additive synthesis. The principal difference with sample based synthesis is that the seed waveforms are sampled sounds or instruments instead of fundamental… … Wikipedia
Rate (mathematics) — A rate is a special kind of ratio, indicating a relationship between two measurements. A rate may be defined using two numbers of the same units resulting in a dimensionless quantity (for example, 1 in 10 people ), or may be defined by two… … Wikipedia
Sample size determination — is the act of choosing the number of observations to include in a statistical sample. The sample size is an important feature of any empirical study in which the goal is to make inferences about a population from a sample. In practice, the sample … Wikipedia
Rate–distortion theory — is a major branch of information theory which provides the theoretical foundations for lossy data compression; it addresses the problem of determining the minimal amount of entropy (or information) R that should be communicated over a channel, so … Wikipedia
Sample size — The sample size of a statistical sample is the number of observations that constitute it. It is typically denoted n , a positive integer (natural number).Typically, all else being equal, a larger sample size leads to increased precision in… … Wikipedia
Sample and hold — In electronics, a sample and hold circuit is used to interface real world signals, by changing analogue signals to a subsequent system such as an analog to digital converter. The purpose of this circuit is to hold the analogue value steady for a… … Wikipedia
Sample- and Hold-Schaltung — Eine Sample and Hold Schaltung (kurz: S H), im Deutschen auch als Abtast Halte Glied bzw. Abtast Halte Schaltung bzw. Momentanwertabtastung bezeichnet, ist eine elektronische Vorrichtung die es erlaubt, analoge Spannungswerte kurzzeitig auf einem … Deutsch Wikipedia